Climate Resilience, Natural Resources Management, and Farming Systems Transition

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Climate Resilience, Natural Resources Management, and Farming Systems Transition

The interconnectedness of climate change, Natural Resource Management (NRM), and farming systems transition is topical because of the need to ensure sustainable agriculture, food, and nutrition security in Africa.  The negative effects of climate change in Africa have exacerbated the existing technological and institutional issues confronting African agriculture. Africa is rated as the least contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions but seems to be the continent that suffers the most debilitating effects of climate change.   This situation informed the need for Africa to concentrate on adaptation to the changes through the development of superior technologies and investment in the development of infrastructures. Notable changes include drought, flood, increase in temperature and the resultant increase in the emergence of new pests and diseases.

Apparently, drainage and irrigation facilities will play a major role in managing water issues, while the development of more hardy species of crops and breeds of livestock will play a major role in adaptation to climate change. Efforts at mitigating climate change will involve farming systems transitioning to more sustainable models; however, it seems that there is no model without a significant tradeoff. It is important for Africa to thoroughly interrogate the models being promoted for the sustainability of its agriculture.  While Natural Resource Management is both technological and institutional in nature, the soft issues of knowledge dissemination, social advocacy, and policies are having strong effects on the pace of improvement of African agriculture. The topical subject of soil degradation, erosion control, organic matter management and soil health vis-a-viz the effective use of mineral fertilizer still requires scientific decision-making and policy action

This theme will encompass a broad range of issues on climate change, soil and fertilizer, soil health, agroforestry, farming systems, livestock, aquaculture and fisheries, agroecology, climate change, Natural Resource Management etc. The desired output of the theme is the generation of pertinent information on models and systems for the sustainable management of Africa’s natural resources.

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